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नमस्कार दोस्तों, हमारी वेबसाइट पर आपका स्वागत है। आज हमने इस लेख में अंग्रेजी व्याकरण pronouns in english grammar में सर्वनाम के बारे में जानकारी साझा की है। जो आपके ज्ञान और प्रतियोगी परीक्षाओं के दृष्टिकोण से बहुत महत्वपूर्ण है।
Pronouns in english grammar
meaning in english
The repetition of a noun in a sentence or a set of sentence is really boring. So, instead of repeating the noun, we can use a word (for that noun) called the pronoun.
“A pronoun is a word that we use instead of a noun”.
|pronouns in english grammar|
meaning in hindi
एक वाक्य में एक संज्ञा का दोहराव या वाक्य का एक सेट वास्तव में उबाऊ है| इसलिए संज्ञा को दोहराने के बजाय हम सर्वनाम नामक शब्द (उस संज्ञा के लिए) का उपयोग कर सकते है|
This is Sachin. He plays cricket.
Note: he is the pronoun used in place of Sachin.
and its types with example:
1. Personal Pronouns:
A pronoun which is used instead of the name of a person is known as a ‘Personal Pronoun’. A list of the ‘personal pronouns’ is listed below:
I, my, mine, me, we (First Person)
You, yours, yours (Second Person)
He, his, him, she, her, hers, it, Its, they, theirs, them (Third Person)
2. Demonstrative, Indefinite and Distributive Pronouns:
(a) Demonstrative Pronouns : Pronouns used to point out the objects to which they refer called Demonstrative Pronouns.
(i) This is a present from my uncle.
(ii) These are merely excuses.
(iii) Bembay mangoes are better than those of Bangaluru.
(b) Indefinite Pronouns : All pronouns which refer to persons or things in a general way and do not refel to any particular person or thing are called Indefinite Pronouns.
(i) Somebody has stolen my watch.
(ii) Few escaped unhunt.
(iii) Did you ask anybody to come?
(c) Distributed pronouns :
Each. Either. Neither are called distributed pronouns because they refer to persons or things one at a time. For this reason they are always singular and followed by the verb in singular.
(i) Each of the men received a reward
(ii) These men received each a reward.
(iii) Either of you can go.
3. Relative Pronouns:
A relative pronoun refers or relates to some noun going before, which is called its antecedent.
(i) I met Hari who used to live here.
(ii) I have found the pen which I had lost.
(iii) Here is the book that you lent me.
4. Interrogative Pronouns:
These Pronouns, are used for asking questions.
(i) Whose bok is this?
(ii) What will the neighbours say?
(iii) Which do you prefer, tea or coffee?
Note: Interrogative pronouns can also be used in asking indirect questions. Consider the following Examples:
(i) I asked who was speaking.
(ii) Tell me what you have done.
(iii) Say which you would like best.
Behaviour of the pronouns
1. If three pronouns are used together in the same sentence they are arranged in the following order:
2 person + 3 third person + 1 frist person
I, you and he must help that poor man. (Incorrect)
You, he and I must help that poor man. (Correct)
2. When two or more singular nouns are joined by and, the pronouns used for then should be plural.
Mohan and Sohan are friends. They play football. They live at Lajpat Nagar.
3. But if these nouns joined by and refer to the same person or thing, the pronoun used should be singular.
(i) Delhi, the beautiful city and the capital of the india, is famous for its historical monuments.
(ii) The manager and owner of the firm expressed his views on the demands of the workers.
4.When two nouns are used with as well as, the pronoun agrees with the first subject.
(i) Moahan as well as his friends is doing his work>
(ii) The students as well as their teachers are doing their work.
5.When two singular nouns joined by ‘and’ are preceded by each or every, the pronouns used must be singular and should agree in gender with the second noun.
(a) Every man and every woman will do her best for the nations.
(b) Each boy and each girl went to her house.
6.When two nouns are joined by using ‘with’ the pronouns agrees with the noun coming before ‘with’.
(a) The boy with his parents has gone to see a movie.
(b) The children with their parents have gone to picnic.
7. When two different nouns are joined by either ……..or neither….. nor, the pronouns is used according to the number and gender of the second noun.
(i) Either your sister you have done your work>
(ii) Neither the student nor the teacher was in his class.
8.The pronouns coming after ‘than’ must be in the same case as that coming before ‘than’.
(i) She plays better than me (Incorrect)
She plays better than I. (Correct)
(ii ) he is elder brother is more intelligent than him. (Incorrect)
He elder brother is more intelligent than me. (Correct)
9.‘Many a’ always lakes a singular pronoun and singular verb.
Many a soldier has met his death in the battle field.
10. ‘Who’, ‘Whose’, ‘Woman’ are used only for persons.
(a) Who is knocking at the door?
(b) Whose pen is this?
(c) What do you want?
11.‘which’ is used for things.
Which game do you like?